Gum (Periodontal) Disease Treatment
Gum disease (periodontal disease) is an inflammation of the gums and must be treated. If left untreated, it can lead to painfully infected gums and even tooth loss. A highly prevalent disease, over 22% of Australians suffer from moderate or severe periodontitis.
If you suspect you have gum disease, it’s important to see the dentist as soon as you can.
Gum disease occurs in two main stages:
Gingivitis – which is reversible
Periodontitis – which is not reversible and must be managed throughout your life
What causes gum disease?
Bacteria in dental plaque, which accumulates in the teeth along the gum line, cause gum disease.
If this bacteria is not removed, the gums become inflamed in their response to remove it.
When the gums’ seal is damaged by periodontal disease, the gums form small spaces known as periodontal pockets.
Bacteria gets trapped in these pockets, causing more inflammation and damage to the surrounding bone and tooth roots.
If gum disease is left untreated, the teeth may loosen, require extraction or even fall out.
Gum disease symptoms
Early symptoms of gum disease are subtle. Let’s take a look at the symptoms in both stages:
STAGE I – Gingivitis symptoms:
- Red, swollen gums
- Bleeding gums when brushing teeth
STAGE 2 – Periodontitis symptoms:
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Pus around gums
- Visible ‘pockets’ (periodontal pockets)
- Receding gums
- Bad breath
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Soreness when biting food
- Loose teeth or even tooth loss
Contact Oxford Street Dental if you have any of the above symptoms.
Gum disease prevention & treatment
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, please contact us immediately and come in for a consultation. If you only have a little bleeding and redness, you can still keep brushing your teeth, even though your gums may be a bit sensitive.
Prevention of gum disease firmly lies around good oral health. Good oral health includes brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, flossing or interdental brushing once-a-day, rinsing your mouth with water throughout the day, avoiding junk food and smoking – and having regular professional dental check-ups and cleans.
Suppose you have the early stages of gum disease (gingivitis). In that case, you can usually remedy this with good oral hygiene and professional cleanings.
If you have moderate to advanced gum disease (periodontitis), your dentist may perform root planing or deep cleaning in and around the gums. Additionally, they may prescribe antibiotics and anti-bacterial toothpaste or mouthwash.
Although poor oral health is the leading cause of gum disease, there are some other risk factors:
- Eating and drinking sugary foods
- Weakened immune system
Australian Government Department Of Health – Oral Health and Visiting Patterns of Australian Adults
Better Health Victoria – Gum Disease: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/gum-disease
Oxford Street Dental provides tooth extraction to patients in the Leederville area and surrounding suburbs of West Leederville, North Perth, Wembley, Mount Hawthorn, West Perth, Northbridge, Glendalough, Jolimont, Highgate, Mount Lawley, Daglish, Osborne Park, Yokine, Menora and Joondana.