Gum Disease_Periodontal Disease_ Treatment_Oxford Street Dental

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Oxford Street Dental is a QIP Accredited Dental Clinic with friendly, experienced and caring Australia-trained dentists and support staff.

This dental information has been medically reviewed by Australian dental surgeon Dr Aran Moorthy, BDS. Dr Moorthy has a Bachelor of Dental Surgery from the University of Adelaide. Read more about Dr Moorthy here >

Gum (Periodontal) Disease Treatment

Gum disease (periodontal disease) is an inflammation of the gums and must be treated. If left untreated, it can lead to painfully infected gums and even tooth loss. A highly prevalent disease, over 22% of Australians suffer from moderate or severe periodontitis.

If you suspect you have gum disease, it’s important to see the dentist ASAP. To learn more about treatments for gum disease, scroll further below.

Gum disease occurs in two main stages:

  • Gingivitis – which is reversible

  • Periodontitis – which is not reversible and must be managed throughout your life

What causes gum disease?

Tooth brushing and dental hygieneBacteria in dental plaque, which accumulates in the teeth along the gum line, cause gum disease.

If this bacteria is not removed, the gums become inflamed in their response to remove it.

When the gums’ seal is damaged by periodontal disease, the gums form small spaces known as periodontal pockets.

Bacteria gets trapped in these pockets, causing more inflammation and damage to the surrounding bone and tooth roots.

If gum disease is left untreated, the teeth may loosen, require extraction or even fall out.

Gum disease symptoms

Early symptoms of gum disease are subtle. Let’s take a look at the symptoms in both stages:

STAGE I – Gingivitis symptoms:

  • Red, swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums when brushing teeth

STAGE 2 – Periodontitis symptoms:

  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Pus around gums
  • Visible ‘pockets’ (periodontal pockets)
  • Receding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Soreness when biting food
  • Loose teeth or even tooth loss

Contact Oxford Street Dental if you have any of the above symptoms.

Gum disease prevention & treatment

Tooth Extraction at Oxford Street Dental


Typically, good oral hygiene and professional cleanings are recommended. Good oral health includes brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, flossing or interdental brushing once-a-day, rinsing your mouth with water throughout the day, avoiding junk food and smoking – and having regular professional dental check-ups and cleans.


Your dentist may perform root planing or deep cleaning in and around the gums. Additionally, they may prescribe antibiotics and anti-bacterial toothpaste or mouthwash.

If you feel you may have gum disease, please contact us ASAP and come in for a consultation.

NB: If you only have a little bleeding and redness, you can still keep brushing your teeth, even though your gums may be a bit sensitive.

Risk factors

Although poor oral health is the leading cause of gum disease, there are some other risk factors:

  • Smoking
  • Eating and drinking sugary foods
  • Diabetes
  • Weakened immune system
  • Stress
  • Malnutrition

Australian Government Department Of Health – Oral Health and Visiting Patterns of Australian Adults,of%20periodontitis%20than%20younger%20people.

Better Health Victoria – Gum Disease:

Oxford Street Dental provides tooth extraction to patients in the Leederville area and surrounding suburbs of West Leederville, North Perth, Wembley, Mount Hawthorn, West Perth, Northbridge, Glendalough, Jolimont, Highgate, Mount Lawley, Daglish, Osborne Park, Yokine, Menora and Joondana.

If you think you may have symptoms of gum disease, get in touch with us today.